Agreement Philosophy Definition

Epicurus, in the fourth century BC, seemed to have had a strong sense of social contract, with justice and law rooted in mutual agreement and benefit, as evidenced, among other things, by these lines of its main teachings (see also epicurean ethics): contemporary normative theories, that is, theories that seek to establish the legitimacy of government, or theories that claim to derive a morality , the starting position should be the starting point for a fair and impartial agreement. While the parties justify the requirement for a fair and impartial agreement for non-contractual reasons, the contracting parties are convinced that the success of the contract in ensuring cooperative interaction requires that the starting point and procedures be fair and impartial. The starting point from which the parties begin is just as important to the solution as the procedure. For some contractors (such as Gauthier), there is no veil of ignorance – each party is fully informed of its personal properties. However, without the veil of ignorance, contractors will be aware of differences in bargaining power that could affect the outcome of the bargain. It is therefore important that the original position has not necessarily been achieved by force in order to ensure compliance with the agreement. A form of “lockean reserve” (according to Locke`s description of the starting situation of his social contract): the fact that one could not have improved by damaging the others can be beneficial in cases where there is no veil of ignorance. In summary, the moral norms that rational contractors adopt (and respect) are the standards that would be achieved by contractors, starting with a position that each has achieved through his own actions, which have aggravated no one else, and as their principle for the agreement adopt the rule of relative concession minimax (Gauthier 1986, Ch. VII). The theory of the social contract says that people live together in society in accordance with an agreement that establishes moral and political rules of conduct. Some people think that if we live according to a social contract, we can live morally according to our own choice and not because a divine being demands it. “Contractarianism” refers to both a political theory of the legitimacy of political authority and a moral theory about the origin or legitimate content of moral norms.

The political theory of authority asserts that the legitimate authority of the government from the approval of the government, whether the form and content of this approval of the idea of the treaty or mutual agreement. The moral theory of contractism asserts that moral norms build their normative force from the idea of the treaty or reciprocal agreement. Contracts are skeptical of the possibility of understanding morality or political authority, either in the divine will or in a perfect ideal of human nature. Hobbes, Locke, Kant and Rousseau are among the society`s theorists in the history of political thought. The leading theorist of contemporary political society is John Rawls, who revived the theory of social contract in the second half of the 20th century, with David Gauthier, who is above all a moral dealer.

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