What Was The Geneva Agreement

The British and Communist Chinese delegations agreed on the sidelines of the conference on the revaluation of their diplomatic relations. [24] Most of the nine participating countries have committed to securing the agreements, but the United States has made it clear that they are not bound by them. The South Vietnamese were also supportive and the final declaration was not signed by all parties. The U.S. government pledged to establish a separate anti-communist state in southern Vietnam and in 1956 supported South Vietnam`s refusal to hold national elections in agreement with northern Vietnam. Geneva Conventions, a series of international treaties concluded in Geneva between 1864 and 1949 to mitigate the effects of war on soldiers and civilians. Two additional protocols to the 1949 agreement were approved in 1977. Our editors will check what you have submitted and decide if they want to revise the article. The development of the Geneva Conventions was closely linked to the Red Cross, whose founder Henri Dunant initiated international negotiations which, in 1864, helped to relieve the wounded in times of war. This Convention (1) provided for immunity from capture and destruction of all facilities for the treatment of wounded and ill soldiers and their personnel, (2) impartial reception and treatment of all combatants, (3) the protection of civilians providing assistance to the wounded, and (4) recognition of the Red Cross symbol as a means of identifying persons and equipment covered by the Agreement. A few days later, the plenary of the Vietnamese Communist Party took place.

Ho-Chi-Minh and Secretary General Tréng Chinh took turns stressing the need for a quick political solution to prevent military intervention by the United States, which is now Vietnam`s “main and direct enemy.” “In this new situation, we cannot follow the old program,” Ho said. “Our motto was: “The war of resistance to victory.” Faced with this new situation, we should now adopt a new slogan: peace, unification, independence and democracy. Both sides must compromise in order for the negotiations to succeed and there can no longer be any question of the extermination and destruction of all French troops. A demarcation line allowing the temporary consolidation of the two parties would be necessary… The plenary approved Hos` analysis and adopted a resolution supporting a compromise solution to end the fighting. Ho and Truong Chinh, however, were unequivocally concerned that such an agreement in Geneva would have internal discontent and “left-wing deviance”, and analysts, in particular, would not recognize the complexity of the situation and underestimate the power of American and French opponents. They reminded their colleagues that France would retain control of much of the country and that the people of the region could be disoriented, alienated and vulnerable to hostile manipulation. All parties to the conference called for new elections, but could not agree on the details. Pham Van Dong proposed elections under the supervision of “local commissions.

The United States, with the support of Britain and countries associated with Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, has proposed UN oversight. Molotov opposed it, arguing for a commission with an equal number of communist and non-communist members, which could only determine “important” issues unanimously. [15] Negotiators could not agree on a date for the reunification elections. The DRV argued that the elections were to take place within six months of the ceasefire, and Western allies tried not to have a deadline. Molotov proposed June 1955, then later in 1955 and finally July 1956. [5]:610 The government supported the government of reunification, but only with effective international oversight; it argued that truly free elections were impossible in the totalitarian North. [16] Dulles failed with British delegate Anthony Eden over the UK`s supposed inability to support joint action and the United States.

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